Are You a Flutter Developer? Chances are that at some point during development you have come across the DropdownButton widget. In this article we’ll look into its design guidelines for Flutter and how best to style this powerful component of Flutter apps - commonly found in forms or other scenarios where users must select from a list. However, its default styling may not always meet your application requirements so here we show how you can change its look more appealingly to match with its design requirements and match your app design requirements.
Start by altering the colors and backgrounds of the DropdownButton widget by setting its color and background properties. For example, to set text colors to white while background hues remain blue use this code:
In this code, we set the style property to
TextStyle(color: Colors.white), setting the color of text to white. Additionally, we use Colors.blue for the dropdownColor property - making its background blue in DropdownButton controls.
For additional customization of the DropdownButton widget, use its dropdownButtonBuilder property. This function accepts two arguments; BuildContext and DropdownButtonFormFieldState; it then returns a widget which you can use to build custom DropdownButtons widgets.
This code uses the dropdownButtonBuilder property to construct a customized DropdownButton widget. We place it inside a Container widget to set its background color and border radius, add padding, set
mainAxisAlignment of Row widget to
MainAxisAlignment.spaceBetween in order to position text and icon correctly and set
TextStyle(color: Colors.black). Finally, to increase readability we set
Flutter allows developers to easily customize the appearance of a DropdownButton widget by providing a DropdownButtonStyle property. We can use this property to alter its look, its menu items and their look as well as text, background, border properties.
Let’s begin by creating a custom DropdownButtonStyle object and setting its style property within its constructor to set this style. Here is an example:
In this example, we created a custom DropdownButtonStyle object with blue text color and underline. Additionally, we implemented an onChanged callback function which updates _selectedItem variable when user selects new item from dropdown menu.
By default, the DropdownButton widget displays a downward-pointing arrow icon on its right side. We can change this by providing a dropdownIcon property to its constructor; here is an example:
This example shows how we created a custom property with a blue downward-pointing arrow icon from Flutter’s Material Icons library. Other icons could also be chosen.
Flutter offers two widgets and properties that enable you to set a gradient background color on DropdownButtons: BoxDecoration and gradient property.
In this example, we set the gradient property of BoxDecoration to a LinearGradient that begins as blue at its top end and transitions down through purple towards its base end. It also contains begin and end properties to specify its starting and ending points respectively.
Customize gradient colors and directions as per your specifications.
Here’s an example of creating a DropdownButton with gradient background colors using Flutter:
In this example, we have created a Gradient Background using BoxDecoration and LinearGradient widgets. By setting the colors property of LinearGradient to
[Colors.blue, Colors.purple], a gradient that runs from blue to purple was created. Furthermore, begin and end properties were also set for specifying gradient directionality.
Next, we have created a DropdownButton widget and configured its icon, iconSize, underline, style, value items and onChanged properties. In particular, we set TextStyle style property with white color in order to match gradient background gradient.
Finally, we have enclosed our DropdownButton in a container with gradient background colors to achieve the effect of having an interactive DropdownButton with gradient background color gradient.